Pug Care & Health
Pugs have a tendency to become overweightas they get older which can adversely affect their health. The pug is a breed that will eat to excess so it is up to you to limit your pets food intake and keep him at a healthy weight. Always have plenty of water available for your puppy at all times.
Do Not Feed Soy! When soy filler is mixed with water it will expand and can cause gastric torsion that may be fatal to your pug.
All new puppies will chew on almost anything. Purchase safe chew toys for your puppy. These toys should be almost indestructible. Never buy your puppy any toy he can swallow or get stuck in his throat. Nylon chew toys are safe and are available all most anywhere. Don’t give your puppy rawhides, greenies, pig ears, or pig hoofs these are not safe chew toys.
Your crate will be your aid in housebreaking. Put your puppy in the crate when you are not home and to sleep at night. As soon as your puppy is let out of the crate take him outside and do not allow him back in until he goes. Most of all dogs will not soil where they sleep if they are left out often enough.
Pugs overheat easily. This can be from the temperature, excitement, exercise, or stress. Pugs can die from heat exhaustion. Whenever you and your pug are out in warm weather take water with you. If your pug goes down from heat exhaustion, and his tongue turns blue, wet him down with rubbing alcohol or cool water or cool him with ice to bring his body temperature down.
Due to the shape of the eye and the position on the face, the Pugs eyes are not very well protected and this can lead to injury and complications. Check the eye for any ulcerations frequently and get your dog to the Vet right away if you see any problems in this area.
Wrinkles require daily care to keep him comfortable and healthy. Mild soap will work for cleaning out between the wrinkles. Get a damp wash cloth with mild soap and clean well around and under the wrinkles making sure not to get any in his eyes. You should dry the area well. If it is irritated you may want to consider using Desitin cream. It may be required for you to clean the wrinkles up to 2 xs daily if needed depending on how dirty or irritated they may be.
If his nose is dry a light coat of Vaseline will help soften it and protect it from cracking.
Pugs are not natural swimmers. Extreme caution should be taken when a Pug is around water to avoid drowning. Never leave your Pug unattended near water. A life jacket is a must when pugs are near water.
Antifreeze, chocolate, onions, certain lawn chemicals, rodenticides, certain plants, etc…
Vet care & Vaccinations
Around the clock care by a qualified veterinarian needs to be available. Any veterinarian who will be doing surgery on your Pug should have previous experience with putting Pugs under anesthesia. This is of great importance.
Your new puppy will require an initial series of vaccinations in their first year. Pugs do NOT do well with vaccinations after one year of age. I recommend NO yearly vaccines and ONLY have titer tests preformed each year to determine when vaccinations are needed.
*(Titer tests are among the tools that dog owners and veterinarians can use to help minimize the risks of both infectious diseases and unnecessary vaccinations.)
Elongated Soft Palate
Common in short muzzled breeds, ESP is the obstruction of the dogs airways. The standard snoring of a Pug is a degree of ESP in action, though more severe cases can be heard through sounds such as honking, gasping for air and the blocking of the dogs vocal box. Severe ESP can be corrected through surgery.
SN is found in breeds with short noses including the Pug and is essentially overly soft nasal tissue. When a dog with overly soft nasal tissues breathes, their nostrils collapse, leaving them to breathe through their mouths to get the necessary oxygen. You can identify a dog with SN by noting a foamy discharge when they breathe or excessive breathing through their mouths when they get excited. SN can be corrected through surgery.
Luxating Patella is fairly common in Pugs, and other breeds of small dogs. In simple terms, it is the dislocation of the small movable bone in the knee called the Patella. Mild and severe cases are differentiated by the Patella falling back into place on it’s own in mild cases. Whereas in severe cases, the Patella will fall out of place frequently, even after being popped back in by a veterinarian. Severe cases normally require surgery, not only to correct the problem and relieve pain, but also to prevent the onset of arthritic conditions associated with Luxating Patella. It is important to note that while Luxating Patella can be caused by excess weight, jumping off tall surfaces, constant walking on slippery surfaces, excess rough housing, etc... Keep in mind as well that a Pug diagnosed with Luxating Patella may or may never have a problem requiring surgery. Some Pugs can and do live their entire lives with Luxating Patella trouble free, others require surgery. Only time can tell.
PK (Pigmentary Keratitis)
The deposit of pigment on the white surface of the eyes, PK is the result of many factors that either irritate or inflame the cornea. If the factor causing the inflammation or irritation can be identified, PK can be corrected with surgery.
PKD (Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency)
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKD) is a disorder that affects red blood cells due to a mutation in an important enzyme needed for metabolism. This defect leads to red blood cell death that results in severe hemolytic anemia. Symptoms of PKD are typically exhibited between four to twelve months of age and can include weakness, lack of energy, rapid heart rate, heart murmurs, pale gums and stunted growth. With further progression, bones and the liver can be affected ultimately leading to death. Dogs with PKD commonly die before the age of 4 years but longevity can vary based on the breed of dog with some breeds able to survive longer than others. While there is currently no cure for PKD, it is possible for affected dogs to have a reasonable quality of life with the proper care. Carrier dogs do not typically show symptoms of the disease and it may be difficult to detect clinical signs of the condition in affected dogs. PKD was originally documented in Basenjis and has since been reported in other breeds, including Dachshunds, Labrador Retrievers, Pugs, Beagles, Cairn Terrier and West Highland White Terriers.
PDE (Pug Dog Encephalitis)
Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) is an inflammatory disease of the brain and central nervous system. This disease is specific to pugs; symptoms include seizures, depression, ataxia (a staggering walk), abnormal gait and blindness. It is a rapidly progressing disorder for which there is no cure, and is invariably fatal. All dogs either die or are put to sleep within a few months after the onset of clinical signs. Female pugs are slightly more likely to be affected compared to males. The majority of affected pugs are less than 3 years old, and pugs as young as 6 months can show clinical signs/be affected.
The DNA/Genetic test that is available does NOT diagnose PDE; it determines the risk each individual pug dog has for developing it during its lifetime. The results for each dog would be : There are no CLEAR pug dogs. All pugs carry a pde marker, the test is just to determine how strong the marker is.
- N/N - Pugs that have no copies of the NME/PDE associated markers = (N/N) are at low risk of developing the disease.
- N/S - Pugs that have only one copy of the NME/PDE associated markers = (NS) are also at low risk of developing the disease.
- S/S - Dogs that have two copies of the NME/PDE associated markers. These dogs are at higher risk of developing/being affected by NME/PDE.
Breeders are advised against breeding out the S gene, because 40% of Pug Dogs have the S genotype in a heterozygous (N/S = 29%) or homozygous state (S/S = 11%). Eliminating the S genotype will lead to a considerable loss of genetic diversity and in turn may create other health issues.
*2017 - Our pugs are tested for PDE markers and breedings are matched accordingly to help limit the risk of our puppies developing this fatal disease. Little is known what causes PDE and even though we do our best to try to limit the risk, we have no way to predict if one of our puppies will get this disease.
Listed above are just a few general care & health issues that are commonly found in pugs. It is the responsiblity of the new owner to research the care needed and the common health issues found in the pug breed. We do not cover any of the above listed issues.